b Surfing is a water sport that consists of sliding and making turns in a wave, standing on a board.
Within the surf “tabla”, or surf proper, there are two basic categories depending on the size and type of table:

Shortboard, or short board surfing (between 1.50 and 2.10 meters)
Longboard, with boards of length equal or superior to 2.75 m. This is the classic surfing style (practiced in the 50s and 60s that gave rise to today’s Longboards).

Categories are also defined as to the type of waves

Surf to refer generically to the widest range of styles and competitions.
Surf of Olas Grandes when the surfer practiced special and / or repeatedly on waves of more than 2 meters in height (the wave is measured by the size of the tube, not by what measures the wall of the wave).

Bodyboarding later appeared, in which foam boards softer than the usual glass fiber, about one meter in length and surfed lying, or kneeling, with fins. Bodyboarding due to its minor danger from blows and bumps, its ease of use and the extreme maneuvers that allow to do has become very popular.
Variant of kitesurfing on the Atlantic coast, in Mar de Ajó.

There are a number of basic movements in surfing, which are as follows: [citation needed]

Take Off: it’s the first maneuver that surfers do: it’s time to stop rowing lying on the board and move to the upright position, ready to slide on the wave. It takes off on the wave, more for its power than for the wind.
Bottom Turn: This maneuver consists of the first turn after the “take off”. Once we take momentum in the descent of the wave we must turn to escape the part of the wave that is breaking. In the lower part of the wave the force of the wave stops impelling us, and it is necessary to maneuver with the inertia of the descent to be able to rise again. If we did not, we would go straight to the shore, we could not walk the wall of the wave and the foam of the broken wave would reach us quickly. It is the opposite of the Cut Back.
Cut Back: consists of, once we have slipped by the wall of the wave escaping from the break, make a turn of almost 180º to get closer to this one.
Reentry: is to climb to the crest of the wave and make a sharp turn of 180 degrees, lowering it again.
Floater: consists of navigating on the foam of a breakwater.
Tube: consists of sliding inside the tube that creates the wave when breaking. This is considered the queen maneuver of Surf for its difficulty and spectacular. It is the perfect wave and dreamed by every surfer. A place where you can experience this type of waves is in Teahupo’o, Tahiti.
Air (or Air): this is called any maneuver that involves a takeoff of water and is therefore made in the air. There are different airs that are distinguished by the “grabs” (ways to hold the board with your hands in the air – front, behind, with both hands at the same time …) or the movement that makes the surfer in The air (one of the most spectacular is the “Aerial-360” in which the surfer performs a 360-degree rotation in the air).
360º: starts as a Reentry, but continues to rotate in the same direction 360 degrees.
Snap: it is a kind of Cut-back realized of more abrupt way and with a smaller radius in the turn.

LongBoard maneuvers:

“Hang Five”: This is to walk on the board until one of the feet is in the front of the table (called nose).
“Hang ten”: Place both feet on the nose of the board. It requires a lot of skill and speed of the wave because if not, the surfer would sink the board and fall to the water.
“Drop Knee”: This is the classic Longboard spin. It is like a cut back but with the back leg flexed until the knee rubs against the plank.

  • Surf
  • Kitesurf
  • Dive
  • Snorkel
  • Flyboard
  • Kayak